Browse crosses

LocationJust inside the main gate of the churchyard and to the left.

O/S Grid Ref:  SX/48994/68355       Longitude/Latitude (Degrees+/-):  -4.13040/50.49548

Map location:  Click here to view map.

Purpose:  The base of the original village preaching cross has been reconstructed to support a memorial cross in the churchyard.

Size:  This cross is too tall to be accurately measured. I estimate its height to be about 15 feet (4.57 metres) and the width across the arms at about 1 foot 8 inches (0.51 metres).

Information:  This truly enormous cross is almost entirely modern with only the socket and plinth stones being reused from the original Buckland Monachorum Cross. This preaching cross used to be sited on the village green, which was on the opposite side of the road to the churchyard, but was demolished in the middle of the 19th century to make way for the cottages to be built. I understand that the spot in which it originally stood is now part of the back garden of Bedford Cottage. The socket stone and those used in the plinth were thrown to one side in a discarded heap. The cross now stands in the churchyard on the site of a large horse chestnut tree, which was destroyed in the blizzard of 1891.

The main shaft is octagonal in section and tapers upwards. It is composed of three separate sections, which are cemented together and each is of 4 feet in height. The head, which currently sits on top of this shaft, has a short length of its own shaft attached to it and this is much narrower than the main shaft. The head and arms are also octagonal in shape but, unlike the shaft, these are not tapered.

buckland_monachorum_inscription.jpg (175216 bytes)The full width of the socket stone is 3 feet 10 inches (1.17 metres) and it is 2 feet 6 inches (0.76 metres) tall. It is also octagonal in shape and is finished off with a curved bevelled top edge. The octagonal plinth contains 4 steps, each of which is composed of large granite blocks. The top step is 15 inches high, the second and third are both 14 inches and bottom step measures 13 inches in height. This makes the whole structure somewhere in the region of 22 feet (6.70 metres) above the ground, which is already several feet above the level of the road outside the churchyard. The current cross was erected in 1898 to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee as shown by the engraving on three faces of the top step, which reads: 1837’, ‘VICTORIA’, ‘1897’.

The original head of the cross was of the ‘Lantern’ type with a beautiful gold top to it. It also contained the ornately sculptured figures of St Bernard and St Andrew, together with the Arms of the Sees of Exeter and Buckland Abbey. The head was stored away for safe keeping when the cross was removed – in fact it was so safely stored that it could not be found when the cross was re-erected in the churchyard.

buckland_monachorum_church.jpg (105068 bytes)The name Buckland is derived from ‘Book Land’ and Monachorum means ‘Of the Monks’, in other words ’Land held by charter from the Monks’. Buckland Abbey, one mile to the south of the village, was founded by Cistercian Monks in 1278. The Abbey was converted into a private mansion in 1541 by Sir Richard Grenville. Later, in 1581, it was bought by Sir Francis Drake and held by members of his family for several drake_manor-inn_sign.jpg (115263 bytes) generations. During his time at the house, Drake held a vice-admiral of the Spanish Armada, Don Pedro de Valdez, prisoner at the Abbey until his ransom had been paid. The property is now owned by the National Trust.

The village of Buckland Monachorum is sometimes locally referred to as Buckland Drake, because of its close links with the Drake family. The church is dedicated to St Andrew and is built in the perpendicular style, with a square tower containing 6 bells. Near the church, is the village public house, the aptly named ‘Drake Manor Inn’. The main part of the building was constructed in the 16th century, by the same masons who built the church. The pub has a welcoming ‘olde worlde’ atmosphere, with old oak beams, open fireplaces and a peaceful pub garden for those long hot summer evenings.

lady_modyfords_hall.jpg (159607 bytes)In the centre of the village and right next to the churchyard wall stands Lady Modyford's Hall.  Lady Elizabeth Modyford (nee Slanning) was the widow of merchant and colonial agent Sir James Modyford, and lived at nearby Maristow.  Elizabeth was born in 1635 and although she lost her husband in 1673, when she was only 38, she went on to live to the good old age of 89 years and is buried in the churchyard at Bickleigh.  In 1702, two years after inheriting her Slanning family estates, she founded her first charity school in this building in Buckland Monachorum.  She went on to start a second school, in Walkhampton, which is still in existence today and continues to bear her name, albeit now with the spelling of 'Modiford'.  The Buckland Monachorum property is now in private ownership, but a stone tablet above the entrance door records: 'Endowed by Lady Modyford / in 1702 / Repaired and Re-endowed / By / Sir Massey Lopes BARt / 1830'.  More recently the building has been converted for use as holiday cottages.