Browse crosses

Location From the lych gate to the churchyard, opposite the village green, take the path which leads pass the south door to the church and the cross will be seen ahead of you.

O/S Grid Ref:  SX/74912/81272       Longitude/Latitude (Degrees+/-):  -3.76953/50.61770  

Map location: Click here to view map.

Purpose:  Churchyard Cross.

Size:  6 feet (1.83 metres) tall. The shaft measures 1 foot (0.30 metres) square. The inscribed cross on each face measures 7 inches high (0.18 metres) and 7 inches (0.18 metres) across the arms.

Information:  From its roughly hewn nature, it can be deduced that this ancient cross was originally erected somewhere outside the village as a waymarker. Unfortunately, one arm is now completely missing and the other has been so badly damaged that it is not possible to guess, with any accuracy, what the width across the arms would have been. However, the distance from the centre of the shaft to the outer edge of the remaining arm is 8 inches (0.20 metres). This shows that the original width across the arms was at least 1 foot 4 inches (0.40 metres), but the likelihood is that it was somewhat more than this. There is an incised cross in the centre of each face of the cross.

The cross sits in a square socket stone, set on a pedestal of two steps. That the cross does not match the socket stone is shown by the fact that the latter has been carefully worked, with even sides and with mouldings being fashioned around the neatly chamfered top edges. The lower step of the pedestal measures 3 feet 3inches (1.00 metres) square and 10 inches (0.25 metres) high. The smaller upper step is 2 feet 9 inches (0.84 metres) square and 3 inches (0.08 metres) high.

Up until the mid-19th century, a purpose made churchyard cross stood at this site. This one was neatly formed and was perfectly matched to the current socket stone. However, in 1841, the church acquired a new vicar in the Rev. John Charles Carwithen. In his early days at the church he noticed an unusual custom in that, prior to burial, the coffin was carried three times around the cross, presumably for good luck. Being a good man of the cloth, he deemed this custom to be superstitious and irreligious and therefore did not approve of it. He did his utmost to persuade his parishioners to end this practice, but to no avail. It was then believed, but never proved, that he took matters into his own hands. It is thought that he went out during one dark night and removed the cross and either hid it away or destroyed it completely. This upset his parishioners who, on realising the cross was missing, immediately instigated a search for it, which turned out to be fruitless. Although the churchwarden offered a generous reward for the discovery of its whereabouts, it has never been found. The Rev Carwithen subsequently left the parish in 1848, after only 7 years in office.

The socket stone stood empty until the discovery of the current cross, in 1908, by a local man who was commissioned to undertake some work on the church bells. During his lunch break one day, he decided to go for a stroll down the lane leading away from the church. At a point where he reached a small stream, he noticed an unusual stone being used as a lintel to carry a wall across the stream. He could see a small incised cross cut into the face of the stone and it also looked to have the remains of an arm. After it had been positively identified as a cross, the Rector arranged for it to be rescued and set up in the vacant socket stone inside the churchyard. Although this cross is more of a waymarker than a churchyard cross and it obviously does not fit the socket stone, the current arrangement now provides the cross with some protection and allows us all access to view it.

manaton_church.jpg (90466 bytes)manaton_church_sundial.jpg (188931 bytes)The 15th century Manaton Church is dedicated to St Winifred and legend has it that the Bowerman’s eldest daughter was also thought to have been named Winifred. It is interesting to note that the Bowerman’s Nose rock stack can just be seen, standing majestically on Hayne Down, from the path immediately outside the church porch.  I've found a couple of meanings for a 'Bowerman', one of which is an alternative for a 'Bow Man' or Archer.  The other is an ancient Anglo-Saxon occupational word for the house servant who attended his master in his private quarters.  In this case, I'm inclined to think the former meaning applies.  There is a fine example of a sun dial fixed to the porch wall, immediately above the entrance.  In 1779, the church was damaged when struck by a severe storm, in similar fashion to that suffered by Widecombe Church  in 1638. Also in the churchyard is a yew tree which is reputed to be over 300 years old.

Between the lych gate and the church stands a fine memorial cross, erected to the memory of the men of Manaton who fell in the two world wars.